미국 망명에 관한 짧은 단상

미국 망명에 관한 짧은 단상


저희 사무실에 중국에서 태어나 한국 또는 일본을 거쳐 미국에 오신 분 들의 망명 케이스 문의가 있습니다. 한국인들은 망명자가 없지만 중국국적자 또는 북한국적자의 경우 망명신청을 통한 미국 이민이 꾸준히 이어져 오고 있습니다.


또는, 국가별 망명케이스가 아니더라도 범죄 피해자의 망명 케이스도 비슷한 업무형태를 띄고 있습니다.망명 케이스 또는 범죄피해자 케이스는 생각보다 복잡하고 많은 시간과 노력을 들여야 하는 일 입니다.

진행을 하는 과정에서도 사무실 입장에서는 성공가능성을 바로 예단할 수 없기도 하고, 실제 의뢰인의 목표대로 일의 진도가 시급하게 흘러가지 않기도 합니다.  대부분의 경우 부풀려져 있거나 사실과 다른 경우로 나타나기도 합니다.


이러한 이민케이스에서는 전문가의 증언이 케이스에 중대한 영향을 줍니다. 대부분의 경우 영어가 약하기 때문에 통역자의 실력과 역할도 중요합니다. 왜 망명이 되어야 하는지에 대해서 판사를 설득하는 과정은 제3자의 충분한 도움을 통해서 많이 이루어지게 됩니다.  

전문가의 증언 또한, 담당 배정된 판사가 아예 신뢰하지 않는 경우도 있기 때문에 배정 판사가 누구인지, 어떠한 성향을 갖고 있는지에 대해서도 살펴 보아야 합니다. 담당 변호사는 주어진 상황 안 에서 어떠한 과정과 서류작업이 필요하고, 어떠한 전략을 갖춰야 하는지에 대해서 오래동안 연구를 하면서 진행을 하게 될 것입니다.

몇가지 중요한 이슈만으로 문제를 해결하는 것이 아니라 끊임없는 뒷받침될만한 연구자료, 케이스(판례) 들을 살펴보아야 하는 것은 고된 과정이 될 것입니다.  이러한 과정을 겪는 의뢰인은 심적 고통이 많이 따릅니다.

많은 경우 정신과 진료를 받아야 할 정도로 스트레스를 받는 것으로 보고되고 있습니다. 


The Use of Expert Witnesses for Immigration


When immigration cases arise, for whatever reason, an expert witness is often an extra resource to push the decision over the uncertain possibility in regarding the individual. Because of this, it is important to hire one when the case is not clear or there is a lower chance of success. This may be the issue when the person seeking residence, citizenship or asylum in the United States is still in his or her original country. This may be due to laws that affect how the immigrant is able to transfer to another land or what steps must be taken. In some instances, the person must go through various types of stress that may manifest in symptoms where therapy is needed. 
Some of the most useful ways to have an expert witness used for an immigration case is when the individual is attempting to apply for asylum because he or she is being persecuted by those in his or her own country. With the assistance of the professional expert, the immigrant applies and go through the process with a judge. The judge examines the situation, assesses what risks may pose a danger to the person applying, the country and laws that are related to the immigration application. Some factors may include the use of torture, injury or an attempt to kill the individual attempting to immigrate. Some psychology experts are used to analyze for signs of post-traumatic stress disorder in the victim of persecution. 
Expert Witnesses Assisting Judges
Studies have been conducted in how an expert witness may provide aid to judges for immigration concerns. One useful utilization is through projecting possible consequences of deportation of the person seeking asylum. If the likelihood of him or her being tortured or harmed is greater than the chances of being left alone, he or she may be provisioned asylum for a period of time. The knowledge and experience of the expert witness is invaluable in these instances to judges so they may make an informed decision about what to do. 
When a judge presides over immigration cases, he or she is permitted an enormous amount of discretion over various facets of these circumstances. There are standard methods that may be used as a standard, but it is important to provide a judge with as much assistance as possible, and expert witnesses are capable of accomplishing this through their vast field experience and understanding of how immigrants may need asylum or traveling to the United States to start over in life. 
Expert Testimony Admission and Evidence
In most cases, it is up to a judge to determine if an expert witness may be used for testimony and an understanding of the situation. However, interviewing the professional in the same manner as a normally used court room, the individual may be cleared to explain the circumstances of the immigrant so that the presiding judge may determine how to proceed with all available information. Admission of this testimony is fair, and as long as the expert witness provides his or her own information and opinion based on his or her knowledge, it may be used properly. This makes an expert witness invaluable for immigration cases.


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